Fabrice Leggeri under fire over agency’s human rights record and anti-fraud investigation.

The head of the EU border agency Frontex has resigned after being investigated by the union’s anti-fraud agency, amid numerous reports of its complicity in illegal pushbacks of asylum seekers.

Fabrice Leggeri, who has been criticised by the European parliament for failure to protect the human rights of people seeking asylum in the EU, announced his resignation shortly before Frontex’s management board were to decide whether to take disciplinary action against him.

In a statement on Friday, Frontex confirmed Leggeri and two other staff members had been investigated by the EU’s anti-fraud agency, Olaf, without elaborating on alleged wrongdoing. Leggeri had been given the chance to comment on the Olaf report at a special meeting of the board on Thursday, where he announced his resignation, Frontex said. “The management board took note of his intentions and concluded that the employment has therefore come to an end,” the statement said.