Belgian citizens shelter 500 migrants each night. Police could soon start raiding their homes.

Belgium’s state secretary for asylum policy and migration, Theo Francken, has proposed a law that would allow the police — under a judge’s order — to raid private homes to deport people whose asylum requests have been denied. The proposal has echoes of French efforts to prosecute French citizens for harboring migrants, although Belgian authorities say they are not targeting people offering assistance.

“It is a matter of public order and security,” Prime Minister Charles Michel told lawmakers recently. “In a lot of cases, persons harbored by citizens do not wish to apply for asylum. In other cases, it is people whose asylum request was rejected.”